In 2020, the Useful resource Centre launched a mission to advance human rights within the operations of building firms constructing in Qatar and the UAE, the place we noticed rising stories of labour abuse of migrant staff. Working amongst a wealthy set of allies in civil society, academia, enterprise and the commerce union motion, we wished to grasp how firms have been responding to the dangers being documented and to determine examples of higher observe that could possibly be replicated all through the business.
To have interaction firms on these points, we first wanted to know which firms have been working within the area and this data wasn’t simply accessible. It quickly grew to become clear that we wanted publicly accessible, complete and well-timed information on present and awarded building initiatives so we might determine employers of migrant building staff within the six nations of the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC): Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates (UAE).
To fill this hole, we started to trace the continuing awards of building contracts within the area, in a joint mission with the NYU Stern Middle for Enterprise and Human Rights and Humanity United. The information collected depends on publicly accessible sources of on-line data on contract awards within the GCC, specializing in contracts that can be more likely to require the labor of enormous numbers of low-income migrant staff.
After one 12 months of monitoring new contracts, at this time we collectively launch the Gulf Building and analysis temporary – Gulf Building Company: 2020 Tendencies in Contract Awards – which goals to supply larger readability on the kind of initiatives awarded and the businesses successful contracts within the GCC.
This instrument equips civil society organizations, journalists, buyers, companies, worldwide and tutorial establishments with a greater understanding of the development sector throughout the GCC nations, and in flip, permits them to conduct extra focused analysis and advocacy to enhance the scenario of migrant staff.
The Gulf Building gives a central public on-line database of recent building initiatives more likely to make use of low-wage migrant staff, pulling out key traits on the worth and patterns of contract awards. The info within the tracker at the moment covers contract awards we recorded between January 2017 to December 2017 and the info is out there for obtaining in a .csv file for customers to run their very own analyses. We are going to proceed to trace contract awards and replace the info on the tracker on a month-to-month foundation.
The Pattern Evaluation delves deeper into the info collected, figuring out the businesses awarding and receiving contracts and the country-level traits and precedence areas in building spending. The preliminary evaluation identifies Saudi Arabia and the UAE as essentially the most lively building markets within the GCC and subsequently more likely to make use of bigger numbers of low-income migrant staff. Very similar to the 2022 World Cup in Qatar has galvanized advocacy on migrant staff’ rights within the nation, the 2020 World Expo in Dubai and Saudi’s growth ambitions underneath Imaginative and prescient 2030 might present comparable leverage.
The evaluation additionally identifies the dominance of enormous public-sector purchasers within the GCC, who have the chance to include employee welfare into their building procurement (tendering) processes. This includes pre-screening and allocating contract awards to contractors and building actors based mostly on their compliance with employee welfare requirements and making compliance contractually binding. The introduction of regulation by GCC governments would serve to degree the taking part in subject for building contractors in a market the place firms function to different requirements and the place many don’t prioritize staff’ rights.
We encourage others to use them for their very own analyses, whether or not or not it’s the tailor their advocacy and coverage suggestions to the present building context, seek the advice of the continuing award of contracts to determine company advocacy targets, or to determine gaps within the information to tell areas for additional analysis and requires elevated transparency.